According to scientific theories and geological maps, Katale Khor is an aquatic-land cave in the heart of Saghizlu Mountainin Eligomusen limestone of the third period of tertiary geological period. It might be about 30 million years old but according to some, it is even more than 120 million years old.
Being the habitat of early human, this cave has seven floors, three floors of which have been discovered and there are waterfalls on its different floors. The cressets in this cave are beautifully shaped and some of them are named after those shapes. Some of the most famous icons in this cave are bride and groom icon, marriage cloth, sleeping lion, hound, lion paw and elephant’s foot icons. This cave is also connected to Ali Sadr Cave. It was registered in 1330 but the probing was done in 1365.