Mount Damavand

About: Mount Damavand

Mount Damavand is a mountain in the north of Iran which is known as the highest mountain in the country and the tallest volcanic mountain in the Middle East. It stands in the central part of Alborz Mountain Range south of the Caspian Sea in the Larijan Distric of Amol County.
Based on administrative divisions, Damavand Mountain Peak is located in Mazandaran Province; however, it is visible from Tehran, Varamin, and Qom cities as well as from the seaboards of the Caspian Sea. The nearest large city to the mountain is Larijan. Mount Damavand was registered in the list of Iran's National Heritage as the first natural monument of Iran in 2002. Moreover, Mount Damavand has been included among the four valuable areas in terms of "the environment protection" since 2002 under the name of "The National Natural Monument". 
Damavand has also been mentioned in Persian mythology, and its fame mostly comes from the fact that the brutal tyrant Zahhāk was chained within the mountain. In Persian literature, this mythology in particular and Mount Damavand in general have been frequently mentioned. 
Damavand contains Larijan, Ask, and Vaneh hot springs. There is a frozen waterfall in the southern part of the mountain, which is unique all around the world. It is 7 meters high with a diameter of 3 meters. The ice of the waterfall will never be melted. 
According to Iran's statistics, Mount Damavand is 5610 meters high.

General Specifications
Mount Damavand
Dam (steam)+ Avand = Damavand
5610 meters
Animal features
Fox, jackal, wolf, wild goat, ram and ewe, boar, rabbit
Plant features
Acantholimon damavandica, Diplotaenia damavandica, Achillea millefolium damavandica, Senecio vulgaris damavandica, Crepis damavandica, Myosotis sylvatica damavandica, Lapageria damavandica, Linaria damavandica and Vicia villosa L
Special features
Highest peak in Iran
Important parts to visit
Ice waterfall
Best time to visit
Necessary tools and equipment
Mountaineering equipment
Access route
Larijan district of Amol county, south of Caspian sea, at the center of Alborz mountains, Mazandaran province, Iran
Parking at the beginning of ascension
Shelters on the path
Drinkable water spring on the path
Mount Damavand
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