“About five thousand years BC, the cavemen of Iranian Plateau moved to the plains due to the changes in climate and farms and grasses. Consequently, more developments were seen in their civilization. The oldest plain living people were people of Sialk near Kashan whose living signs are found there.” The ancient Sialk Square is located in Fin Area in Kashan and dates back to seven thousand years ago.
The ancient area of Sialk is in the south western side of Kashan and on the right hand of Kashan-Fin Road and is comprised of two northern and southern Tepes (hills), 600 meters from each other and two graveyards.
Tepe Sialk has been, in fact, the ziggurat and the shrine of ancient people that was made of bole. This historical complex was not discovered before 1310 and was known among people of Kashan as the Damned City.
Having transferred a number of monuments to the Museum of Louvre in France, the experts of this museum found out about the antiquity of them and Roman Ghirshman was sent to Iran. With the cooperation of the French man, Andrea Godard who was the manager of the national museum in Iran, he managed to continue doing research on the field.
Sialk is one of the historical places after the civilization of Jiroft in Kerman in Iranian Plateau. Written documents from the era before Archaemenia have been found in it but the calligraphy that had been created from the beginning of Ilam and was known as Elamite Beam Caligraphy was destroyed by the desertation of this commercial base.
The civilization of Tepe Sialk people was defeated by the Aryan Civilization and their monuments have been found in different layers of excavation such as high piped plates with drawings of horses, sun, metal weaponry, swords and long spears.
Sialk Art is highly decorative and is the art brought by Aryans.