Constitution house of Tabriz also known as Khaneh Mashrouteh is the most famous and honorable historic house of Tabriz. This house was the consulting place of noble activists such as Satar Khan, Bagher Khan, Seghat-ol Islam Tabrizi, Haji Mirza Aqa Farshi and the founder Haji Mehdi Kuzeh Kanaani and other constitutionalists that they fight and uprising against Qajar’s Shah (Iranian King) over having parliament in Iran.
Short History of Constitution of Iran:
The Persian Constitutional Revolution (Enghelāb-e Mashrūteh), it is also known as the Constitutional Revolution of Iran, took place between 1905 and 1911. The revolution led to the establishment of a parliament in Persia (Iran) during the Qajar Dynasty.
The monarch Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar signed the constitution in 1906, but he died shortly after and was replaced by Mohammad Ali Shah. The latter abolished the constitution and bombarded the parliament with Russian and British support in 1908.
This led to another pro-constitutional movement that started from this house in Tabriz, constitution house. Tabriz was 11 months siege by central government with support of Russian and foreign supporters. The other constitutionalist from different cities joined this movement and they marched to Tehran. This forced Muhammad Ali Shah's abdication in favor of his young son Ahmad Shah Qajar and the re-established the constitution in 1909.
The two-story building was constructed in 1868 by Haj Vali Me'mar-e Tabrizi. It has numerous rooms and halls. The most beautiful part of the house is a skylight and corridor decorated with colorful glass and mirrors.
Now this building is open for public as a history museum and house of constitution of Iran and if you are interested into history and wants to know about brave people who fight and died for freedom and having parliament instead of Kingdom, here is the place to visit.