Blue mosque of Tabriz (Göy Məscid) is one of the several historical famous blue mosques in the world that are widespread from Cario in Egypt to Mazar-i-Sharif in Afghanistan.
The Blue mosque in Tabriz was built on the orders of Jahan Shah the ruler of Kara Koyunlu dynasty which made Tabriz the capital of his Kingdom. Construction of this mosque was under supervision of his wife, Begim Khatoon or some believe it was under his daughter Saalehe’s management.
Building Blue mosque of Tabriz finished in 1465, after being under construction for 30 years according to some sources and travelogues. No wonder, because this mosque is one of 10 unique mosques of Islamic era architecture in the world. And the Moaragh tiles used in Blue mosque are the masterpiece of its time and the present. The Moaragh tiles of blue mosque are so thin that some of white color flower tiles are 2 millimeters in width.
Blue mosque is also the mausoleum of Jahan Shah and his wife that buried in Southern interior part of mosque. But unfortunately since Tabriz was in war zone, during the existent of Russian in Tabriz, their burial place have been exhumation and plunder. So unfortunately you can only see two empty graves which are remained.
The mosque is famous as Firoozeh Islam (Turquoise of Islam) for the tiles’ variety and elegance and the great calligraphy that have been carved on marbles and used in tiles, the geometric shapes and designs used in it, as well as the beauty and harmony of colors.
The Blue mosque of Tabriz was built upon the order of Jahan Shah the ruler of Kara Koyunlu dynasty which made Tabriz the capital of his Kingdom. His Kingdom covered major parts of modern Iran, Azerbaijan, and Turkey. He was killed by Uzun Hassan (the ruler of Ak Koyunlu) and buried on the only parts of the mosque that survived.
The mausoleum was built in the southern section of the mosque and is entirely covered with high marble slabs on which verses from Quran are engraved in Thuluth script on a background of fine arabesques. The roof of the mausoleum and the main dome chamber of the mosque collapsed during an earthquake in 1780. The mosque was rebuilt in 1973. Reconstruction is performed by plans and supervision of Mohammad Reza Memaran Benam, a traditional architect from Tabriz, with authority of the Iranian Organization of Cultural Heritages.
Commercial complexes around the mosque built in recent years.
Seperating the complex from the park and green spaces nearby.