Qalaichi Hill is from the Iron Age I and II and is located in Bukan County in Qalaichi Village. It was registered in the list of Iran’s national monuments on 18th of Ordibehesht 1380 with registration number 3823.
Bukan owes its historical identity to the ancient Qalaichi Area near Qalaichi Village, 8 kilometers from the north east of Bukan which is the remains of one of the extremely important civilizations (Mana) in the north west of Iran and sign of civilization and law among people of the area.
Unfortunately, before conducting archeological explorations on this complex, some explorations were done unlawfully during which a set of precious glazed bricks and jewelries were discovered n Qalaichi that ended up in antique selling and buying bazaars. Many of the objects of this collection are purchased and kept by private collectors or foreign museums such as National Tokyo Museum, Museum of Ancient East, Tokyo and the Middle Eastern Culture Center in Japan.
Some of the monuments found in this area include cross-shape engraved bricks, some of whose walls were painted by ochers.
Mana is one of the unknown reigns in North West of Iran and signs of it has been also found in Ziviyeh Hill in Kurdistan and Hasanlu in west Azerbijan, apart from Qalaichi Hill.
Other monuments found in this hill include the Central Temple, towers an walls related to it, cobblestoned yard, steps that connect to this yard, rooms filled by ochers and black and blue paintings and engraved bricks with human, geometric and plant stories on.